[Android]Android端ORM框架——RapidORM(v2.0)


[Android]Android端ORM框架——RapidORM(v2.0)

RapidORM:Android端轻量高性能的ORM框架

GitHub: https://github.com/wangjiegulu/RapidORM

1. RapidORM v1.0

v1.0博客文档:http://www.cnblogs.com/tiantianbyconan/p/4748077.html

v1.0版本支持使用反射和非反射(模版生成)两种方式实现执行SQL。

1.1. v1.0缺点:

1. 其中默认为反射实现,对性能有一定的影响。

2. 而如果要采用非反射实现,则需要使用RapidORM提供的模版工具类手动生成相关的帮助类,当数据表需要修改时,必须要手动手动生成帮助类,有潜在的风险。

3. 非反射时生成的文件是通过getter/setter方法调用的,但是getter/setter方法名可能会不一致,导致需要手动调整setter/getter方法名称。

2. RapidORM v2.0

相比较于v1.0版本,v2.0版本则更加侧重于非反射操作,所有默认都是非反射的。

通过在编译时期根据@Table@Column等注解自动生成辅助类Xxx_RORM.java文件,RapidORM库会使用这些生成的辅助类来进行数据表的初始化、执行SQL等操作,如果数据表有结构有改动,则会自动重新生成或者rebuild来手动生成。

2.1 v2.0 使用指南

v1.0相同部分省略。

2.1.1 同样,创建持久类Person

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/**
* Author: wangjie
* Email: tiantian.china.2@gmail.com
* Date: 6/25/15.
*/
@Table
public class Person implements Serializable {

@Column(primaryKey = true)
Integer id;

@Column(primaryKey = true, name = "type_id")
Integer typeId;

@Column
String name;

@Column
int age;

@Column
String address;

@Column
Long birth;

@Column
Boolean student;

@Column(name = "is_succeed")
boolean isSucceed;

// getter/setter

}

注意,v2.0版本不支持变量为private类型,这是为了避免使用getter/setter方法来进行数据绑定。如果变量为private类型,则编译会报错,如下:

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Error:Execution failed for task ':example:compileDebugJavaWithJavac'.
> java.lang.RuntimeException: id in com.wangjie.rapidorm.example.database.model.Person can not be private!

2.1.2 Rebuild Project

Android Studio -> Build -> Rebuild Project

Build成功后,在主项目build/generated/source/apt/目录下会生成Person_RORM类, 如下:

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// GENERATED CODE BY RapidORM. DO NOT MODIFY! "2016-06-29 14:08:504", Source table: "com.wangjie.rapidorm.example.database.model.Person"
package com.wangjie.rapidorm.example.database.model;

import android.database.Cursor;
import com.wangjie.rapidorm.core.config.ColumnConfig;
import com.wangjie.rapidorm.core.config.TableConfig;
import java.util.List;

public class Person_RORM extends TableConfig<Person> {
/**
* Column name: "id", field name: {@link Person#id}
*/
public static final String ID = "id";

/**
* Column name: "type_id", field name: {@link Person#typeId}
*/
public static final String TYPE_ID = "type_id";

/**
* Column name: "name", field name: {@link Person#name}
*/
public static final String NAME = "name";

/**
* Column name: "age", field name: {@link Person#age}
*/
public static final String AGE = "age";

/**
* Column name: "address", field name: {@link Person#address}
*/
public static final String ADDRESS = "address";

/**
* Column name: "birth", field name: {@link Person#birth}
*/
public static final String BIRTH = "birth";

/**
* Column name: "student", field name: {@link Person#student}
*/
public static final String STUDENT = "student";

/**
* Column name: "is_succeed", field name: {@link Person#isSucceed}
*/
public static final String IS_SUCCEED = "is_succeed";

public Person_RORM() {
super(Person.class);
}

@Override
protected void parseAllConfigs() {
tableName = "Person";
ColumnConfig idColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("id"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, true/*primaryKey*/, "INTEGER"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(idColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("id"/*field name*/, idColumnConfig);
pkColumnConfigs.add(idColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig typeIdColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("type_id"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, true/*primaryKey*/, "INTEGER"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(typeIdColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("typeId"/*field name*/, typeIdColumnConfig);
pkColumnConfigs.add(typeIdColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig nameColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("name"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "TEXT"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(nameColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("name"/*field name*/, nameColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(nameColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig ageColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("age"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "INTEGER"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(ageColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("age"/*field name*/, ageColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(ageColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig addressColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("address"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "TEXT"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(addressColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("address"/*field name*/, addressColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(addressColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig birthColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("birth"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "LONG"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(birthColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("birth"/*field name*/, birthColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(birthColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig studentColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("student"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "INTEGER"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(studentColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("student"/*field name*/, studentColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(studentColumnConfig);
ColumnConfig isSucceedColumnConfig = buildColumnConfig("is_succeed"/*column name*/, false/*autoincrement*/, false/*notNull*/, ""/*defaultValue*/, false/*index*/, false/*unique*/, false/*uniqueCombo*/, false/*primaryKey*/, "INTEGER"/*dbType*/);
allColumnConfigs.add(isSucceedColumnConfig);
allFieldColumnConfigMapper.put("isSucceed"/*field name*/, isSucceedColumnConfig);
noPkColumnConfigs.add(isSucceedColumnConfig);
}

@Override
public void bindInsertArgs(Person model, List<Object> insertArgs) {
Integer id = model.id;
insertArgs.add(null == id ? null : id );
Integer typeId = model.typeId;
insertArgs.add(null == typeId ? null : typeId );
String name = model.name;
insertArgs.add(null == name ? null : name );
int age = model.age;
insertArgs.add(age);
String address = model.address;
insertArgs.add(null == address ? null : address );
Long birth = model.birth;
insertArgs.add(null == birth ? null : birth );
Boolean student = model.student;
insertArgs.add(null == student ? null : student ? 1 : 0);
boolean isSucceed = model.isSucceed;
insertArgs.add(isSucceed ? 1 : 0);
}

@Override
public void bindUpdateArgs(Person model, List<Object> updateArgs) {
String name = model.name;
updateArgs.add(null == name ? null : name);
int age = model.age;
updateArgs.add(age);
String address = model.address;
updateArgs.add(null == address ? null : address);
Long birth = model.birth;
updateArgs.add(null == birth ? null : birth);
Boolean student = model.student;
updateArgs.add(null == student ? null : student ? 1 : 0);
boolean isSucceed = model.isSucceed;
updateArgs.add(isSucceed ? 1 : 0);
}

@Override
public void bindPkArgs(Person model, List<Object> pkArgs) {
Integer id = model.id;
pkArgs.add(null == id ? null : id);
Integer typeId = model.typeId;
pkArgs.add(null == typeId ? null : typeId);
}

@Override
public Person parseFromCursor(Cursor cursor) {
Person model = new Person();
int index;
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("id");
if(-1 != index) {
model.id = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getInt(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("type_id");
if(-1 != index) {
model.typeId = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getInt(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("name");
if(-1 != index) {
model.name = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getString(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("age");
if(-1 != index) {
model.age = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getInt(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("address");
if(-1 != index) {
model.address = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getString(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("birth");
if(-1 != index) {
model.birth = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getLong(index));
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("student");
if(-1 != index) {
model.student = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getInt(index) == 1);
}
index = cursor.getColumnIndex("is_succeed");
if(-1 != index) {
model.isSucceed = cursor.isNull(index) ? null : (cursor.getInt(index) == 1);
}
return model;
}
}

2.1.3 注册持久类

v1.0一样,新建类DatabaseFactory,继承RapidORMConnection(可参考http://www.cnblogs.com/tiantianbyconan/p/4748077.html)。

需要注意的是需要实现的并不是原来的registerAllTableClass()方法,而是registerTableConfigMapper(HashMap<Class, TableConfig> tableConfigMapper)方法:

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// ...
@Override
protected void registerTableConfigMapper(HashMap<Class, TableConfig> tableConfigMapper) {
tableConfigMapper.put(Person.class, new Person_RORM());
// register all table config here...
}
// ...

注意:注册Person时,需要连带生成的Person_RORM同时注册。

2.1.4 构建Builder

构建Builder时与v1.0的方式一致,但是可以直接使用Person_RORM中的static变量来作为column name:

PersonDaoImpl:

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public List<Person> findPersonsByWhere() throws Exception {
return queryBuilder()
.addSelectColumn(Person_RORM.ID, Person_RORM.TYPE_ID, Person_RORM.NAME,
Person_RORM.AGE, Person_RORM.BIRTH, Person_RORM.ADDRESS)
.setWhere(
Where.and(
Where.like(Person_RORM.NAME, "%wangjie%"),
Where.lt(Person_RORM.ID, 200),
Where.or(
Where.between(Person_RORM.AGE, 19, 39),
Where.isNull(Person_RORM.ADDRESS)
),
Where.eq(Person_RORM.TYPE_ID, 1)
)
)
.addOrder(Person_RORM.ID, false)
.addOrder(Person_RORM.NAME, true)
.setLimit(10)
.query(this);
}

2.1.5 兼容SqlCipher

v1.0一致.



来源博客:Wang Jie's Blog
本文链接:https://blog.wangjiegulu.com/2016/06/29/Android-Android端ORM框架——RapidORM-v2-0/
版权声明:本博客所有文章除特别声明外,均采用 CC BY 4.0 CN协议 许可协议。转载请注明出处。